PYP - Curriculum Framework
Introduction - The IB Primary Years Programme is a curriculum framework that is designed for students in the age group 3 to 12 years. This being the most impressionable age; little learners are adaptive and observant of every action happening around them. The prime focus of the programme curriculum is to cater to the holistic development of every child as an inquirer. Inquiry in PYP revolves around five elements (attitude, skills, knowledge, concepts and action) and all these five elements are interwoven to make the programme child - centric and action oriented.
The PYP Curriculum is broad and inclusive and comprises of the three interrelated components namely - The Written, Taught and Assessed Curriculum. The Curriculum is planned, comprehended and reported through the lens of five essential elements of PYP. This helps learners to remain committed to inquiry and think deeply with regard to student learning.
The written curriculum: The global and local issues are targeted through the six transdisciplinary themes.
The taught curriculum: The methodology of teaching - learning which comprises
of application of good classroom practices.
The assessed curriculum: The assessment of the actual learning and the purpose
behind the learning.
The following are the five Essential elements which are presented under the written curriculum, which also resonate throughout the entire PYP Curriculum Model.
Knowledge: Learners inquire into and learn about these globally significant issues in the context of the Units of inquiry, each of which addresses a Central Idea relevant to a particular transdisciplinary theme. These units collectively constitute the school’s programme of inquiry. The units of inquiry are finalized after much collaborative discussion within the school and these transdisciplinary themes give the required base for the same.
In developing an individual unit of inquiry, organized around a Central Idea, the following are the criterion which is kept in mind:
Engaging The unit should be within the periphery of the interest of the students so that they remain involved.
Relevant Linked to the student’s prior knowledge, experience and understanding.
Challenging Extending the existing knowledge to upgrade their competencies.
Significant Contributing to an understanding of the transdisciplinary essence of the themes.
Concept : There are PYP basic concepts expressed as key concepts which drive the process of inquiry. A concept-driven curriculum helps the learner to construct meaning through improved critical thinking and application.
A set of PYP concepts are the major framework of the guided inquiry:
Approaches to learning:
The learners approach the inquiry process using and acquiring the 5 transdisciplinary skills.
Attitudes: PYP at CI encourages learners to imbibe and portray the following 12 attitudes, which will help them to be wise and mindful.
Action: All that the learners respond, research and reflect upon, is showcased through responsible action to help themselves and the world around them, giving them a deeper sense of community living.